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Extended Josephson junction qubit system


Circuit quantum electrodynamics (QED) has emerged as a promising platform for implementing quantum computation and simulation. Typically, junctions in these systems are of a sufficiently small size, such that only the lowest plasma oscillation is relevant. The interplay between the Josephson effect and charging energy renders this mode nonlinear, forming the basis of a qubit. In this work, we introduce a novel QED architecture based on extended Josephson Junctions (JJs), which possess a non-negligible spatial extent. We present a comprehensive microscopic analysis and demonstrate that each extended junction can host multiple nonlinear plasmon modes, effectively functioning as a multi-qubit interacting system, in contrast to conventional JJs. Furthermore, the phase modes exhibit distinct spatial profiles, enabling individual addressing through frequency-momentum selective coupling to photons. Our platform has potential applications in quantum computation, specifically in implementing single- and two-qubit gates within a single junction. We also investigate a setup comprising several driven extended junctions interacting via a multimode electromagnetic waveguide. This configuration serves as a powerful platform for simulating the generalized Bose-Hubbard model, as the photon-mediated coupling between junctions can create a lattice in both real and synthetic dimensions. This allows for the exploration of novel quantum phenomena, such as topological phases of interacting many-body systems.

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